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ARTH 369: Chinese Art in the 20th and 21st centuries

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Starting with Citations

One approach to research is starting with citations you found in a scholarly source.  In order to be successful, you need to:

  • Correctly identify the citation.
  • Select and use the most appropriate search tool to locate the source.

Understanding Citations

Below are three different citations you are likely to encounter during the research process.

Example of a BOOK citation:

Wu, Hung (2002). Exhibiting Experimental Art in China. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Note the city and publisher in a book citation. Search title or author in Primo.

Example of a JOURNAL citation:

Clark, John (2002). "System and style in the practice of Chinese contemporary art: The disappearing exterior?" Yishu, 1:1, 13-33.

Note the article title in quotation marks and the journal title is italicized. There are volume, issue, and page numbers. To find a journal article, search the journal title, not the article title in Primo.

Example of an ESSAY in an edited book citation:

Gladston, Paul (2009). "Bloody animals! - Reinterpreting acts of sacrificial violence against animals as part of contemporary Chinese artistic practice." In Krajewski, Sabine and Lili Hernandez, edsCrossing Cultural Boundaries. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, 92-104.

Note there are no volume and issue numbers in this citation. There are editors listed. The title of the chapter is in quotation marks and the title of the book is italicized. To find an essay in a book, search the book title, not the chapter title, in Primo.


The references below are from the following article:

Wong, Winnie Won Yin. "The Panda Man and the Anti-Counterfeiting Hero: Art, Activism and Appropriation in Contemporary China." Journal Of Visual Culture 11, no. 1 (April 2012): 20-37

Search Primo to find the reference. Put a check mark by those that the library owns or has access to. Put an X by those that would require borrowing from another library.