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PHIL 210: Ancient Philosophy

In-Class Activity

In class today, we collectively will create a Coggle map that will help us summarize and contextualize the views of ancient women philosophers. We will use primary sources and tertiary sources to help create our map.

The primary sources will be provided in class - short texts written by women associated with the Pythagorean tradition. All primary texts are posted on the Canvas page for PHIL 210 and can be found in Mary Ellen Waithe's Ancient Women Philosophers, 600 B.C.-500 A.D. or Pythagorean Women by Caterina Pellò. Tertiary sources can be found on the "Getting Started" page of this guide.

Start with the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy - an online scholarly encyclopedia in the field and then consult at least 2 additional subject encyclopedias for information about your philosopher. This selection might not give you a complete view of Pythagoreanism, especially not as it’s typically studied (i.e. via the male sources), but that’s ok. Our map may help you find the commonalities between the views of these women. To understand more about the views exposed in your passage, scan the SEP entries on "Pythagoras" and "Pythagoreanism" (especially the section on Pythagorean women) to see if you can identify any overlapping views. How do these women fit into the Pythagorean tradition?

1. Theano 5. Diotima
2. Phintys 6. Hypatia
3. Aesara 7. Arete
4. Aspasia  

Reflect on the following questions:

  1. Does your philosopher have her own entry, or is the discussion embedded within a larger topic?
  2. What male philosophers, ideas, or schools of thought is your philosopher associated with?
  3. What is mentioned in all/most of the entries?
  4. What additional sources does the subject encyclopedia point you to? 
  5. To expand on the basic information you have gained, are there other terms/names you would like to research? 

Introducing Coggle

Coggle is an online program, brought to us by Google, that allows us to work collaboratively on creating a concept map. 

1.  Log in to Coggle with your Puget Sound Gmail address and password. We will be using the free version for this activity.

2.  Katy will add you to the PHIL 210 Coggle page during the class session.

3.  You'll be able to find the map under "Shared with You" on the left navigation bar.

Coggle Commands

Zoom, add text labelsundo, and paste copied items by right clicking the background.

When typing

  • New Item: shift+enter
  • New Child Item: tab
  • Jump to Parent: shift+tab


  • Remove Branch: alt+click (X)
  • Insert Branch: shift+click (down arrow)
  • Transplant Branch: shift+drag (down arrow)
  • Add images: drag and drop
  • Zoom: ctrl+mousewheel
  • Undo: ctrl+Z
  • Redo: ctrl+shift+Z
  • Add icons: Type : while editing or use the button along the top of the item editor.