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ARTS 104 | Visual Concepts through Digital Media

Citing Sources

Citations are key to participating in the scholarly community. They are a way to converse with other scholars, but they also:

  • Give fair credit to others for their ideas, creations, and expressions.
  • Back up claims and statements.
  • Provide a way for an interested reader to learn more.
  • Support academic integrity.

Consult Citation Tools to learn more about different citation styles.  Collins Library also supports two knowledge management tools:  RefWorks and Zotero.

Writing about Art

The Chicago Manual of Style is typically used for art history papers, but it's a good idea to check with faculty and follow the instructions you are given.

Citing Works of Art

Example of a work of art seen in a museum, gallery or exhibition space:

Frankenthaler, Helen. Mountains and Sea, 1952. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Example of a work of art found in an image database:

Frankenthaler, Helen. Mountains and Sea, 1952. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. ARTstor, (accessed Februrary 1, 2011).

Example of a work of art found in a book:

Frankenthaler, Helen. Mountains and Sea, 1952.  In Helen Frankenthaler: A Paintings Retrospective by E.A. Carmean and Helen Frankenthaler, 12. New York: Abrams, 1989.

Sound Writing


Sound Writing is the official writing handbook on campus, written by student writing advisors and specifically tailored to the needs of Puget Sound students and their faculty.

In addition to supporting the development of successful academic writing skills, Sound Writing also includes sections on research methods, writing in the disciplines, and more.

Sound Writing provides help with three citation styles: MLA, APA, and Chicago (notes & bibliography).

Current Edition: 2020

Academic Integrity

Start with these sources about academic integrity, but don't hesitate to ask a librarian or your instructor if you have further questions.

Copyright Information

College Art Association (CAA)'s Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for the Visual Arts

Library Guide to Copyright

Statement on the fair use of images for teaching research and study outlines best practices on image use

Fair Use Evaluator helps determine whether the use of copyrighted works falls under fair use enables users to use copyrighted works without permission from the copyright holder if it meets the criteria of the four factors.