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Music 492 : Music on the Move

Citing Sources

Citations are key to participating in the scholarly community. They are a way to converse with other scholars, but they also:

  • Give fair credit to others for their ideas, creations, and expressions.
  • Back up claims and statements.
  • Provide a way for an interested reader to learn more.
  • Support academic integrity.

Consult Citation Tools to learn more about different citation styles.  Collins Library also supports two knowledge management tools:  RefWorks and Zotero.

Citation Guides

This course requires that you use Chicago Style for all citations. The humanities (e.g. history, music, philosophy etc.) often use Chicago Style to document sources for papers.

Academic Integrity

Start with these sources about academic integrity, but don't hesitate to ask a librarian or your instructor if you have further questions.

Citing Recordings & Live Performance

From the Chicago Manual of Style:

The citation for recordings and other multimedia content usually includes some or all of the following elements:

  1. The name of the composer, writer, performer, or other person primarily responsible for the content. Include designations such as vocalistconductor, or director as appropriate.
  2. The title of the work, in italics or quotation marks, as applicable.
  3. Information about the work, including the names of additional contributors and the date and location of the recording, production, or performance.
  4. Information about the publisher, including date of publication.
  5. Information about the medium or format (e.g., LP, DVD, MP3, AVI). 
  6. Any additional information that might be relevant to the citation.
  7. For sources consulted online, a URL.

The order of these elements—and which ones are included—depend on the nature of the source but also on whether a part or the whole is cited and whether a particular contributor is the focus of the citation.

For detailed examples of sound recording citations, see the following guide from DePauw Libraries:

Sound Writing


Sound Writing is the official writing handbook on campus, written by student writing advisors and specifically tailored to the needs of Puget Sound students and their faculty.

In addition to supporting the development of successful academic writing skills, Sound Writing also includes sections on research methods, writing in the disciplines, and more.

The preliminary edition of Sound Writing provides help with three citation styles: MLA, APA, and Chicago (notes & bibliography).

Current Edition: August 2017

Get Help at CWL

The Center for Writing & Learning (CWL), located in Howarth 109, offers students opportunities to get help on all aspects of the writing process.  Services include:

  • Writing Advisors who are selected through a rigorous application process and who are specially trained to help students get started on a paper, organize their thoughts, or improve their editing skills.
  • Peer Tutors in a wide range of subjects who are nominated by professors in their disciplines and who are specially trained to help students individually or in small groups.
  • Language Partners who work with multilingual students to help them navigate the conventions and quirks of academic English writing.
  • Academic Consultants who are specially trained to help students improve their time management skills, organization, study skills, and test-taking strategies.