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AFAM 101: Dr. Livingston

Turbulent Voyage Supplemental Readings

As part of your definitional essay assignment, you are required to use two sources from the supplementary/additional reading list.

Here are two examples.


You need to be able to identify what is being cited so you can find the source.

The Hare entry is an article from the journal Black Scholar. Search Black Scholar in Primo Journal Search (see box in column to the right) to locate it.

The Ballard entry is a book. Use the general Primo search box (see box in column to your right)  and enter the author or title to locate it.

MLA Style

 For this course, you are required to use the Modern Language Association (MLA) style, a system of documentation that is widely used in the humanities. It uses parenthetical citations in the text and a list of works cited at the end of the paper.

MLA publishes a guide called MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers for students writing and documenting academic work. The library has multiple copies which are listed in Primo and are shelved on the main floor.

The library has also developed a quick reference sheet which includes examples of the most common sources used in academic work.

Additionally, there are many great online sites that will assist you in interpreting and utilizing the various citation styles.  Here are a couple of good ones to be aware of.

Purdue OWL: MLA Formatting and Style Guide

Getting Started With RefWorks

Use RefWorks, an online citation management program, to easily keep track of your references as you research your literature review. RefWorks has features that let you organize your references, Write-n-Cite, and automatically produce bibliographies in many different styles.


Use Primo to find books, films, and more in Collins Library and beyond. Request books held by Summit libraries for delivery to Collins Library within 3-5 business days.

Use the location chart to find out which floor the book's call number can be found.


Primo Search