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GLAM-120 | Greek & Latin Roots in English

Citing Sources

Citations are key to participating in the scholarly community. They are a way to converse with other scholars, but they also:

  • Give fair credit to others for their ideas, creations, and expressions.
  • Back up claims and statements.
  • Provide a way for an interested reader to learn more.
  • Support academic integrity.

Consult Citation Tools to learn more about different citation styles.  Collins Library also supports two knowledge management tools:  RefWorks and Zotero.

Citation Style for GLAM Studies

As a discipline, GLMA typically follows the Humanities style of The Chicago Manual of Style , the contents of which are available completely online to the University of Puget Sound community. 

Chicago style offers specialized guidelines for the citing of Greek and Latin sources (just type in "classical greek and latin references" in the search box once you've clicked the link to The Chicago Manual of Style .  You may also wish to consult "Writing in Classics," by the Skidmore College Department of Classics.

  • In general, cite GLAM Studies sources in the notes using section and line numbers:

    [Author], [Title] [Book/Section.] [Line #s cited]


    Sophocles, Antigone 904-922.

    Homer, Iliad 18.141-143.
  • The field of GLAM Studies tends to use abbreviations quite a bit.  Don't make up your own abbreviations!  Instead, use the extensive list available in The Oxford Classical Dictionary OnlineAfter clicking on the link to the OCD, click "All contents," then "Front matter," then "Abbreviations," as illustrated in the screen shot below:

Get Help at CWL

The Center for Writing & Learning (CWL), located in Howarth 109, offers students opportunities to get help on all aspects of the writing process.  Services include:

  • Writing Advisors who are selected through a rigorous application process and who are specially trained to help students get started on a paper, organize their thoughts, or improve their editing skills.
  • Peer Tutors in a wide range of subjects who are nominated by professors in their disciplines and who are specially trained to help students individually or in small groups.
  • Language Partners who work with multilingual students to help them navigate the conventions and quirks of academic English writing.
  • Academic Consultants who are specially trained to help students improve their time management skills, organization, study skills, and test-taking strategies.

Sound Writing


Sound Writing is the official writing handbook on campus, written by student writing advisors and specifically tailored to the needs of Puget Sound students and their faculty.

In addition to supporting the development of successful academic writing skills, Sound Writing also includes sections on research methods, writing in the disciplines, and more.

Sound Writing provides help with three citation styles: MLA, APA, and Chicago (notes & bibliography).

Current Edition: 2020

Center for Speech and Effective Advocacy

The Center for Speech and Effective Advocacy is located in Jones 204.  This center is designed to address the curricular and co-curricular needs of a wide variety of classes and campus groups, and provides a collaborative space to practice and refine the skills of public speaking, argumentation, advocacy, and persuasion.

Oral communication is among the most important skills for college students to possess, according to an employer study conducted by the American Association of Colleges and Universities in 2018. Speaking skills can have a positive impact on a student's academic life, career, and civic success. Trained peer speech consultants are available by appointment to assist students and faculty members with every aspect of learning and teaching oral communication skills.

Many additional resources can be found on the Center's web page.