What kind of information is available online? How do you find it? How do you tell if it's good or not? And what does it mean to be 'good' information?
When you are doing research online and you start clicking on the various search results, you can end up looking at a lot of very different kinds of online resources. As you engage with these sources, you might be asking yourself "should I use this for my research?" Maybe a better question is HOW would you use it for research? You must think critically about online resources. Fortunately, you have a couple of tools at your disposal to help you critically evaluate online resources. We will take a look at two of them below: the CAARP test and the Four Moves framework.
Currency: the timeliness of the information
Authority: the source of the information
Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content
Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs
Purpose: the reason the information exists
CAARP test adapted from the original created by librarians at California State University, Chico
What people need most when confronted with a claim that may not be 100% true is things they can do to get closer to the truth. They need something I have decided to call “moves.”
Moves accomplish intermediate goals in the fact-checking process. They are associated with specific tactics. Here are the four moves this guide will hinge on:
In general, you can try these moves in sequence. If you find success at any stage, your work might be done.