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Physics 351: Electromagnetic Theory

IEEE Citation Guidelines

Citation guidelines for research papers –

1.  All outside sources must be referenced, including any Web pages or books from which you gathered pictures or diagrams.  A rule of thumb is to include references for any information that appears in your paper that will not be “common knowledge” for your audience.

2.  For your paper, you should use the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) citation style, detailed here:

3.  In IEEE citation style, the detailed bibliographic information for each source appears in a set of endnotes at the end of the document.  To insert an endnote into the text of your document in MS Word, use the “References” tab at the top of your document.  Then select “Insert Endnote.”  It will insert an endnote number into the text as well as give you a place to enter the bibliographic information at the end of the document.  Most word processing programs these days automatically renumber the endnotes as you revise the text.

Get Help at CWL

The Center for Writing & Learning (CWL), located in Howarth 109, offers students opportunities to get help on all aspects of the writing process.  Services include:

  • Writing Advisors who are selected through a rigorous application process and who are specially trained to help students get started on a paper, organize their thoughts, or improve their editing skills.
  • Peer Tutors in a wide range of subjects who are nominated by professors in their disciplines and who are specially trained to help students individually or in small groups.
  • Language Partners who work with multilingual students to help them navigate the conventions and quirks of academic English writing.
  • Academic Consultants who are specially trained to help students improve their time management skills, organization, study skills, and test-taking strategies.

Citation Tools

Consult our Citation Tools Guide to learn more about different citation styles, and find out about the citation management software that you can use: RefWorks and Zotero.

Sound Writing


Sound Writing is the official writing handbook on campus, written by student writing advisors and specifically tailored to the needs of Puget Sound students and their faculty.

In addition to supporting the development of successful academic writing skills, Sound Writing also includes sections on research methods, writing in the disciplines, and more.

Sound Writing provides help with three citation styles: MLA, APA, and Chicago (notes & bibliography).

Current Edition: 2020